Denmark’s economic vulnerability to a loss of satellite-based PNT – March 2019

Practice area: Space
Client: Danish Inter-Governmental Space Committee
Published: 20 March, 2019
Keywords: impact assessment qualitative analysis stakeholder surveys and consultations

London Economics were commissioned by the Danish Inter-Governmental Space Committee to analyse Denmark’s dependence on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) for Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT).

As a modern society, Danish economic agents use GNSS for an increasing number of applications, and the report investigates the use, reliance, and redundancy in eight case studies in detail.

Using a combination of desk-based research and stakeholder consultation, the report identifies vulnerabilities of GNSS and mitigations in Denmark. It emerged from the analysis that Denmark’s existing infrastructure for accurate time is less developed than in many other countries, implying that GNSS must form an integral part of any solution aimed at supplying accurate time.